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Thiamine Mononitrate

What is Thiamine Mononitrate?

Nutritional additive thiamine mononitrate is a nitrate salt form of  amino acids Vitamin B1. The food and drug industries use thiamine mononitrate in supplements and foods as it is a stable form that can counteract the loss of vitamin B1 during processing. Like all B vitamins, thiamine mononitrate is water-soluble and an essential nutrient. Scientists named it vitamin B1 in 1910, as it was the first identified water-soluble vitamin. Thiamine Mononitrate Formula C12H17N4OS. It is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol.


Thiamine Mononitrate in Food

Food Sources:
  • Fortified breakfast cereals.
  • Pork.
  • Fish.
  • Beans, lentils.
  • Green peas.
  • Enriched cereals, breads, noodles, rice.
  • Sunflower seeds.
  • Yogurt.


Is Thiamine Mononitrate Vegan

Thiamin Mononitrate or Vitamin B1 is generally vegan but may possibly be derived from or processed with non-vegan sources.


Thiamine Mononitrate Use

Vitamins thiamine mononitrate powder (Vitamin B1) is a white crystalline powder that originates in China. Thiamine mononitrate (Vitamin B1) is required for normal digestion and functioning of nervous tissues. It acts as a co-enzyme in the metabolism of carbohydrates. Thiamine Mononitrate is used as a dietary supplement and to fortify foods and beverages. It is also used to enrich flour.


Thiamine Mononitrate Benefits

1. Supports Energy Production
Thiamine mononitrate powder is a critical factor for producing cellular energy. It is a cofactor for pyruvate dehydrogenase and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase. The body uses these enzymes to synthesize ATP for cells to use as energy. The body can also store ATP as energy for future use.

2. Helps Nervous System
Thiamine mononitrate is an essential component of maintaining a healthy central nervous system. It supports numerous cognitive functions, and it’s critical to form the myelin sheaths that protect nerves. Without sufficient thiamine, individuals may begin to experience neurological symptoms.

3. Improves Cardiovascular Health
Thiamine mononitrate (vitamin B1; VitB1) is an essential water-soluble vitamin required for cellular energy production in most internal organs, especially in neurons and the heart. Thiamine deficiency is recognized as a cause of beriberi (kakke), a neurological and cardiovascular disease.

4. Supports Appetite Regulation
Vitamin B1 plays several important digestive and metabolic roles. It is an essential cofactor for enzymes that metabolize carbs, lipids, BCAAs, and glucose. Thiamine plays a role in breaking down proteins too. It also stimulates hydrochloric acid production for better digestion.

5. Supports Immune System
Vitamin B1 is important for a robust immune system. Stressful conditions and circumstances can weaken the immune system, but thiamine boosts immunity by strengthening its resistance and endurance during these situations. Unsurprisingly, thiamine deficiencies decrease the effectiveness of immune system functions.


Thiamine Mononitrate Symptoms

The richest food sources of thiamine include yeast, whole grains, pork, legumes, and some fruits. Certain risk factors put individuals at a higher risk of developing a thiamine deficiency. These include:

  • Eating a white rice-based diet
  • Regularly consuming raw fish or shellfish
  • Dialysis
  • Drinking a lot of coffee or tea
  • Taking large doses of diuretics
  • Long-term diarrhea
  • Alcohol misuse
  • Genetic conditions that inhibit thiamine absorption
  • Gastrointestinal diseases that affect nutrient absorption (i.e., celiac disease)
  • Diabetes
  • Weight loss surgery
  • Thiamine malabsorption due to natural aging processes


Thiamine deficiencies can remain undiagnosed for a long time, as the symptoms are often vague or mimic other health conditions. Some common signs of a deficiency include:

  • Fatigue. A thiamine deficiency can cause fatigue within a few weeks, as the body needs vitamin B1 to produce energy.
  • Loss of appetite. An abrupt loss of appetite is one of the first markers of a thiamine deficiency. Thiamine helps the brain transmit hunger and satiety cues. A thiamine deficiency disrupts this process, and the brain may signal that the individual is full even if this is not the case. Consuming fewer nutrients through food can cause other deficiencies as well.
  • Losing weight without trying. Eating less often translates into unintentional weight loss. Losing too much weight too quickly can wreak havoc on the metabolism. It can also cause several health problems if the individual becomes underweight.
  • Neurological symptoms. Individuals with a thiamine deficiency can experience an array of neurological problems. They may suffer from brain fog, have difficulty concentrating, or struggle to think clearly. Severe deficiencies can cause memory loss and hallucinations. Neuropathy is also common, and it is the most well-known thiamine deficiency symptom. Individuals with neuropathy may experience pins and needles in their hands and feet, tingling extremities, loss of sensation in their hands, and loss of coordination.


Thiamine Mononitrate in Food Side Effects

Thiamine may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if either of these symptoms is severe or does not go away:

  • Flushing.
  • Hives.
  • Itching.
  • Weakness.
  • Sweating.
  • Nausea.
  • Restlessness.


Thiamine Hydrochloride vs Thiamine Mononitrate

The salt thiamin mononitrate, rather than thiamin hydrochloride, is used for food fortification, as the mononitrate is more stable, and does not absorb water from natural humidity (is non-hygroscopic), whereas thiamin hydrochloride is hygroscopic.


Vitamin B1 uses as follows:

1. In Food
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Hydrochloride and Thiamine Mononitrate can be used as nutrition supplements in food.

2. In Beverage
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Hydrochloride and Thiamine Mononitrate can be used as nutrition supplements in beverage.

3. In Pharmaceutical
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Hydrochloride and Thiamine Mononitrate can be used to help to replace the deficiency caused by alcoholism, cirrhosis, over active thyroid, and absorption diseases. A thiamin supplement is a common treatment among alcoholics and has been proven to have positive clinical effects.

4. In Health and Personal Care

5. In Agriculture/Animal Feed/Poultry
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Hydrochloride and Thiamine Mononitrate can be used as nutritional supplement in Agriculture/Animal Feed/Poultry feed.


Tested By Accredited 3rd Party Lab

Maxmedchem Thiamine Mononitrate Powder (Vitamins B1) are tested by accredited third party labs in the USA to ensure their identity, purity and potency. thiamine mononitrate is a semi-finished raw material and is mainly suitable for qualified factories, traders, and related distribution enterprises. If you want to wholesale and customize feel free to CONTACT US.




Q: Is Thiamine Mononitrate Bad for You?
Thiamine Mononitrate is used to treat beriberi (tingling and numbness in feet and hands, muscle loss, and poor reflexes caused by a lack of thiamine in the diet) and to treat and prevent Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (tingling and numbness in hands and feet, memory loss, confusion caused by a lack of thiamine in the diet).

Q: Is Thiamine Mononitrate Safe During Pregnancy?
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Thiamine is LIKELY SAFE for pregnant or breast-feeding women when taken in the recommended amount of 1.4 mg daily. Not enough is known about the safety of using larger amounts during pregnancy or breast-feeding.

Q: Is Thiamine Mononitrate a Preservative?
First, it acts as a fortifying agent, enhancing the nutritional value of the food. This fortification is essential in processed foods, which often lack essential nutrients. Second, thiamine mononitrate is a preservative helping maintain the food’s color, flavor, and aroma.

Q: Is Thiamine Mononitrate HALAL?
Halal Vitamin B1 (Thiamine Hydrochloride and Thiamine Mononitrate) is a type of vitamin manufactured through chemical synthesis. As a synthesized chemical, this food Vitamin is general recognized as halal.

Q: Is Thiamine Mononitrate Synthetic?
Thiamine mononitrate is a synthetic stable nitrate salt form of vitamin B1 that has been used for the preparation and assay of various multi-vitamin formulations.

Q: Is Thiamine Mononitrate Safe for Dogs?
Yes, the amount of thiamine added to dog foods is considered safe for dogs. The AAFCO recommends a minimum of 0.56 mg of thiamine per 1000 calories for all life stages – growth, reproduction and adult maintenance.

Q: Is Thiamine Mononitrate Safe for Cats?
Thiamine mononitrate is frequently added to pet food, especially those intended for dogs and cats. It is due to this vitamin’s critical role in their health.


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